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Exigent Circumstances: 

The cases on this page highlight the expansion of police powers dealing with exigent circumstances. Emergency forcible entry (R v Godoy), police safety checks (R v MacDonald), and forcible removal from the home (R v Alexson) are but three examples out of the 22 cases on this page that have generated police powers related to exigent circumstances since DedmanClick on the cases below for more information about the rulings:

= Entry without warrant

= Emergency or forcible entry

= Emergency or forcible removal 

= Emergency or forcible detention

= Use of force incident to detention

= Use of force 

Macooh  (1993)

 "Entry without warrant" is an occasion where police enter a private property without the authorization of a warrant or consent from the owners of the property. 


"Emergency or forcible entry" is any occasion where the police enter an area or building that would normally be considered private property due to emergency exigent circumstances or in a manner that uses physical force. 

"Emergency or forcible removal" refers to occasions where an individual is removed from a private property due to an immediate emergency or using force. 

"Emergency or forcible detention" refers to occasions where the police apprehend and detain an individual in a manner that uses force or is in response to an immediate emergency. Detention is often for the reason of public or police safety. This includes physical or psychological detention. 

"Use of force incident to detention" is any occasion where an individual is detained and force is used subsequent to this detention. 

"Use of force" refers to any occasion where police use force on an individual. This category is for occasions where force is used on an individual who is not arrested or otherwise detained by the police.  

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